For a good health, your guinea pigs need amongst others good food and a clean cage. Though they can’t talk, their bodies tell you a lot about their health.
A clean environment is really important for a good health. Make sure you clean the cage at least once a week, especially in summer. During this period, diseases develop faster. It is wise to remove dirty spots more often.
It is wise to check the health of your animals regularly. Weigh them on a regular basis and take note of the following body parts:
The eyes need to be clean and vivid. That means no crusts or fluid. Some piggies develop cataract when they get older. This is not harmful fort heir health.
Guinea pig ears come in different shapes. The ears need to be clean without furfures. Which can be cleaned with a bit of olive oil. A smelly ear can be an indication of inflammation. US Teddies and some other breeds sometimes have a dry skin and dry ears.
The nose normally is dry. When there is some fluid, make sure they don’t have a cold, which can develop in pneumonia. A guinea pig with a cold often has a disturbed breathing, they may cough or sneeze as well.
The teeth of a guinea pig grow their entire life. It is important that they eat enough hard foods and hay, which keep the teeth and molars short and healthy. When the front teeth are too long or when the guinea pig is having trouble to eat, let the teeth and molars be checked by a specialized vet.
A guinea pig coat is shiny and regular. Long-haired animals need to be cut and groomed regularly. Mats can be cut with scissors.
If your guinea pigs don’t shorten their own nails, they need to be clipped in time. When the nails are too long this may cause trouble to their feet.
Bottom and genitals
The bottom of your guinea pig needs to be clean. They have a gland on their tailbone, which may be fatty in males. This is normal, but when it secretes too much fat you can clean it with a humid cloth.
When you think that your guinea pig is sick, don’t wait too long before you go to the vet. They don’t show that they are sick until it’s too late. Especially check if your guinea pig is eating, if the breathing is different (faster, in shocks, etc) or displays different behaviour (for instance much calmer).